While Article 310 of the Magna Carta considers tourism as “an economic activity of national interest, a priority for the country in its strategy of diversification and sustainable development”, today tourism has made very little progress, and in the last three years there has been a lot of instability in its policies: four deputy ministers have died, and every official wants to leave his or her personal mark. It does not follow a master plan, so the private and public sectors have been plunged into uncertainty. More attention needs to be paid to this sector so that Venezuela can diversify its revenues. Article 310 Tourism is an economic activity of national interest, a priority for the country in its strategy of diversification and sustainable development. Within the framework of the socio-economic system provided for in this Constitution, the State shall dictate the measures that guarantee its development. The State ensures the creation and strengthening of a national tourism industry. Tourism in the country has not had the necessary importance to become a factor of economic and social development, since it has not been considered one of the main economic activities generating foreign exchange, which has been distracted, because it has not been taken into account that tourism can create a development platform that can become one of the first sources of employment, and consequently social harmony; in addition to contributing to the knowledge and dissemination of cultural values that are not available to Venezuelans due to various factors. There was no possibility of knowing the country holistically, as the tourist demand was not organized in such a way that most of the population could access knowledge about Venezuela and thus make positive use of their holidays. In a different vein, the prevailing political situation in the country has a significant impact on tourism, combined with the high level of uncertainty and lack of infrastructure, economic policies that stimulate investment, and the disadvantages caused, among other things, by exchange controls. Attention should be paid to the importance of purchasing power, which decreases every day and the population receives income only to meet its basic needs by postponing the need for leisure. Tourism educational institutions have not received enough support from entities, and it can be said that there are very few institutions dedicated to the training of professionals in this field, one of which is the School of Tourism of the Yaracuy National Experimental University (UNEY) and the National Experimental University of the Armed Forces (UNEFA) in the same state. Similarly, those who provide tourist services without prior registration in the National Tourism Register or without having obtained a necessary licence, permit or permit, as well as if they simulate registration in the National Tourism Register, may proceed to the permanent closure of the establishment. However, this is not done because it cannot be said that there are enough strategies to publicize natural beauties nationally and internationally.
It also stipulates that the activities of the public and private sectors, which have an economic use of any kind in places that have tourist and cultural importance because of their scenic beauty, tourist or cultural value, are subject to any kind. The territory of the Republic is considered a tourist unit. Published on 13 November 2000 in the Official Gazette of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela No. 37.076. This is usually not achieved because there is no strategic plan for the promotion and marketing of tourism. The Ministry of Tourism, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, is to develop plans and programmes for the training of tourism in basic education studies, which will be implemented by the Autonomous Institute, the National Fund for the Promotion and Training of Participation in Tourism. The Organic Tourism Act also provides for administrative penalties for violations by tourism service providers, including: Higher Council of Tourism: It is integrated by national associations of tourism service providers. They will cooperate with the National Fund for Promotion and Training of the Autonomous Institute and with the Ministry in all areas related to statistical data on the activity, monitoring, quality and maintenance of tourism services. Regulation of tourism as a factor of economic and social development of the country by establishing rules that ensure the orientation, facilitation, promotion, coordination and control of tourism activity as a factor of economic and social development of the country, establishment of mechanisms for participation and consultation of the public and private sectors in this activity. You also regulate the organization and operation of the national tourism system. In case of relapse in these offenses, the fines will be increased by one hundred and 100%, in the case of a correspondence for the second time by two hundred200%. Tourists or tourist users: these are all natural persons who travel outside the place of residence, who travel the country or visit a place of historical, artistic, natural interest, temporarily for leisure and leisure purposes.
What is considered is usually not fulfilled because, as the population knows, many companies carry out and execute projects in violation of the environmental regulations provided for by law. The Commander of the President of the Republic in the Council of Ministers may grant the following incentives to tourism service providers who comply with the regulations in force: It is inferred from the above that there is no clear intention of a policy of decentralization of the Ministry of Tourism to countries and municipalities so that they are able to promote and manage their tourism activity. although this is provided for by law. Ministry of Tourism: It is the governing body and the highest administrative authority responsible for the formulation, planning, management, coordination, evaluation and control of policies, plans, programs, projects and strategic measures aimed at promoting Venezuela as a tourist destination. State and Municipal Tourism Activity: States and municipalities must promote tourism in their development plans in accordance with the directives and directives of the Ministry of Tourism. Within the framework of their competences, they must develop the following activities: it is an autonomous institute with legal personality, affiliated to the Ministry of Tourism, which aims to manage the resources received and make them available for the national and international promotion of Venezuela as a tourist destination, as well as for the training of human resources for the provision of tourism services. Additions to the National Fund for Tourism Promotion and Training: The reduction provided for here will be adapted to the provisions of the Income Tax Act. If these violations occur for the second time in a year 01, licenses, permits, permits issued for a period of 1 month to 3 months will be temporarily suspended.
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Official Journal No. 37.076. Published on 13 November 2000. DECREE WITH APPLICATION OF THE ORGANIC LAW OF TOURISM. In tourist areas, designated and easily accessible information centres must be set up to provide the following services: a special contribution will be created, which must be abolished by tourism service providers in order to participate in and benefit from tourism promotion plans and training, training and human resource development for participation in tourism. This contribution corresponds to one percent (1%) of the bills paid by the end-users of tourism services. If service providers are involved in these violations for the second time in a 01 year, the registration in the National Tourism Register, permits and license will be revoked. The national tourism system consists of: the reduction established here must be in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act and will continue even with regard to the conversion of debts into investments, and in any case requires the appropriate qualification by the Ministry of Sector.
When developing their tourism activities, people must do so to protect the environment in order to achieve sustainable natural and cultural growth capable of satisfying the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. Similarly, public, national, state and local authorities will promote and promote the development of tourism with a low impact on the environment, in order to preserve, among other things, water resources, flora, wildlife and protected areas. They are punished with a fine of between five hundred and 500 and two thousand 2000 tax units:.